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الأربعاء، 11 يناير 2017

تاريخ الكاف... تونس

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Sidi Bou Makhlouf

A very line mausoleum covered by an ensemble or original and harmoniousribbed cupolas and surmounted by all elegant octagonal minaret. The decoration inside is very rich with glazed ceramic tiles, finely carved stucco, ornamented wood constituting the main decoration. The foundation or this Zawiah goes back to the beginning of the XVIIth century and it contains the tomb of Sidi Abdallah Bou Makhlouf from Fes and those of his descendants. The Zawiah also serves as the headquarters of the Aissaouiyyah confraternity, originally from

Sidi Ben Aissa

A large religious and social complex built in 1784 to serve as the headquarters of the important confraternity of the Rahmaniyyah, it has now been converted into the Regional museum of popular arts and traditions. The museum contains four very interesting rooms devoted to traditional life in city of le Kef (Madinah), and in the little villages of the Upper Tell countryside.

Room No 1: remarkable first of all for the beauty and richness of its decoration, it contains a substantial collection of traditional jewelry, and bridal costumes.

Room No 2: occupying the ancient prayer hall, it displays a full size Bedouin tent with all its attributes and furnishings, the various aspects of agricultural life as well as that of the Upper Tell nomads.

Room No 3: is devoted to village pottery; the collection is outstanding for its curious apparatus to smoke out bees.

Room No 4: arranged in another mausoleum, it is devoted to equestrian art with its various accessories, saddles, guns, dress costumes and headdress.

The museum is in the process of adding new rooms to present complementary themes and these have recently been fitted alit and are already open to the public.


Le Kef: The Numidian City of Northwest Tunisia

Heir to ancient Sicca Veneria amd to medieval Shaqbanaria, the modern city of le Kef is a synthesiof ancient North African and Mediterranean civilizationsand constitutes a rich and vibrant cultural conservatory.

Situated on the last promontory or thJbel al-Dir plateau, overlooked the valley created by Wad Mallegue, it is far from thmajor prehistoric settlements of Koudiat Soultane, and haproved very rich in megalithicvestiges, tangible signs of thfirst centers of sedentary settlements, attesting to the existence of urban establishment before the arrival of the Phoenicians and Punic expansion to the west of the country.

The city ofounded by theLibyanprobably in the 5th century BC was inhabited very early on by a Sicilian colony established by Carthage. Atemple-city and a Carthaginian fortress, Sicca was alreadymentioned in 241 BC during the Carthaginian mercenary wars.


While it was eclipsed byLorbeus, the town nevertheless Remained lively urban centruntil the XVIthcentury despite the pressurfrom pastoral tribes. A fief of Beni Chanour tribeat the end of thHafsid era, durinthe XVIth centurythe city of Shaqbanariachanged itname to itpresent one—al-Kaf (le Kef).

Thposition of le Kef was rehabilitated by thOttomans when they tooover thdomains belonging to thtribes of the region and formed thwesternboarderof the Gegency of Tunis. During thlast three centuries it played the role of an advanced bastion the Regency in the East; its fortifications weredetermining factor during many conflicts.

For a lontime it ranked third largescity oTunisia and experienced considerableconomic, social, and intellectual development.

Le Kef was the first city to boccupied by French troupes in 1881, and in 1884 it became a municipality.

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